Deficiency of skin pigment cells in skin can cause a skin disorder known as vitiligo. The Symptoms of vitiligo are white spots or patches on skin, changing color of hairs, skin damaged mucous membrane & retina of eyes. Vitiligo signs are family history of vitiligo and appearances of white patches on those body areas that are mostly or directly facing sun rays such as face, arms, hands, legs etc.
In a research conducted by American Vitiligo Research Foundation it has been proof that there is no cure of vitiligo. Treatments play their role in the prevention of vitiligo symptoms. Among all the treatments the most useable and admirable Vitiligo treatment is PUVA or Photochemotherapy.
Food is the most significant part of everybody’s life. Everybody is reliant on food and it is the only supply of energy. No supplement survives that can be a substitute of a balanced diet. A healthy diet involves taking suitable amount of all nutrients and sufficient amount of water.
Vitiligo patient should avoid vitamin C, fruits as such fruits have ascorbic acid that inhibits the production of melanin cells in skin. Vitiligo patients are advised to stay away from citrus fruits, sour pickles, sour yogurt etc. patient should eat fresh vegetables (especially the green ones) & fruits and should stay out from non vegetarian food as they act as unfamiliar body to pigment cells. Artificial colors that are used in various foods should be reduced further patient should not take alcoholic drinks, soft drinks, junk foods, ice creams, dairy products, smoking, coffee, tea etc.
Oral psoralen therapy:
Oral psoralen therapy is identified as domestic remedy for the treatment and cure of vitiligo skin disease; it is suitable for those patients that have extensive type of vitiligo say above 20%. The treatment is carrying out with the usage of psoralea corylifolia seeds, known as psoralen. The Psoralen tablets are used as photosensitizing. It helps patients to increase their skin sensitivity to facing lights. The benefit of oral psoralen therapy is the reproduction of melanin cells in skin. While the major side effect of the treatment is appearance of different skin disorders along with vitiligo. The therapy is not suggested for children as it causes many skin problems including skin cancer and can damages the eyes visualization if wyes are not properly covered throughout the treatment.
PUVA is a short form where “P” stands for “Psoralen” and “UVA” stands for long wavelength UV light. It is a class of ultraviolet radiation treatment, used for severe skin diseases. In the start of treatment, psoralen drug is given to patient so that its skin sensitivity should increase. Varied pills with the ingredient of psoralen are given to patients such as methoxsalen (8-methoxypsoralen), 5-methoxypsoralen & trisoralen. Psoralen tablets are taken by three different means; orally –by mouth, topically – via sun creams & lotions & by taking Bath. The benefit of the treatment is the reproduction of pigment cells in skin while the foremost side effects are severe skin burn, skin cancer.
The treatment is invent for those people who get indulge in vitiligo because of the lackness of dietary/ nutritious factors in body such as vitamins, proteins, carbohydrates, calcium and similarly many other cuprous minerals. The treatment emphasis on getting balanced food along with vitiligo medicines. Mostly doctors recommend local vitiligo remedy ‘Babchi oil’ to treat vitiligo symptoms. This treatment is used from centuries mostly from the Egyptian time of period.
The homeopathic thinking is ‘vitiligo is not a disease it self infect it is the indication of the internal body cells & tissues abnormalities’. Homeopathic treatment is invented by the herbal products / medicines or oils that are free from chemicals and suitable for every type of skin with no side effects. Now a day’s homeopathic treatment is considered most admirable remedy to treat vitiligo.
Autologous skin grafts:
It is a kind of surgical treatments in which pigment cells are taken via surgical tools and transfer it to those parts of body which lacks it in order to reproduce pigments cells.
Topical applications are includes creams, sun-creams, lotions. Many vitiligo topical applications are accessible in market that can help a patient to treat vitiligo skin affected areas. A patient should only choose those cosmetics products that are produce from natural sources.