Fighting for survival: Egypt’s Muslim brotherhood

The wild protests to dethrone President Mohamed Morsi from power led the Egyptian army to take the reins of Egypt in its hand. The army successfully ousted the brotherhood leader Mohamed Morsi from the Egyptian political system. After the ouster of the President, the Islamist organization’s top rank holders are facing an unprecedented wave of arrests. 51 of Morsi supporters have been killed by the open fire by the Egyptian army. With tear gases and bullets, the skies of Egypt have become polluted and this has brought the most critical period for the Muslim brotherhood in Egypt after its long 85-year-old history.


The Muslim Brotherhood activists are apprehensive about the future of Egypt and the position of Muslim brotherhood under the repression and tyranny of military rulers. The Egyptian government within 20 years of its formation split the Muslim Brotherhood as it was seen to be threat to the political parties. However, the Muslim Brotherhood gained enough popularity later by spreading the message, “Islam is the solution”. It became a popular grass-roots political, social and religious movement that attracted a huge number of followers.

The Muslim Brotherhood was able to intake 2 million members by the time it was banned in 1948. There was always a conflict between the members of Muslim Brotherhood and other political parties as the members wanted to realize the dream of making Egypt an Islamic state. They even took help of violence to reach their goals. However, they left violence in 1970s and concentrated on the political processes.


The Egyptian government has never supported Muslim Brotherhood. Though they did not help in toppling the long-time former president Hosni Mubarak, they did capitalize on the occasion. Initially, they vowed to be interested in helping and getting involved in political processes, and not having any candidate for the President post. They even pledged that Muslim Brotherhood is never hungry for power. The Muslim Brotherhood became the front-runner of the post-revolutionary era in Egypt and evolved as a huge political power by winning the largest number of seats in the Parliament and the presidency as well.

The secular opponents of the Muslim Brotherhood were never in favor of the candidature of Mohammad Morsi. Then a stage was set for the conflict between the secularists and supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood. The Islamist vision of the Muslim Brotherhood leaders did not impress the secularists and it had to result in the downfall of Morsi.

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