Kathmandu is the capital and largest city of Nepal. The city is situated in kathmandu valley that also contains two other cities – Patan and Bhaktapur. The city stands at an elevation of approximately 4,500 ft (1,400 m) and is inhabited by about 700,000 people.
Kathmandu is the most developed city. Kathmandu has been regarded as the most polluted city in Asia. Many wonderful and beautiful places lies in Kathmandu, which is situated in the heart of Himalaya mountains, and has a rich history. Many renowned places have made Kathmandu more beautiful.
Kathmandu Durbar Square, which is listed as UNESCO world heritage site, is in Basantapur. The Narayanhiti royal Palace stands right next to Thamel – the tourist hub of the country. A small world within itself, Thamel is famous for the most attractive hotels and shopping centers in the world.
It consists of two parallel streets just to the west of the palace. It is home to world famous hotels, ranging from different stars. This valley hosts an UNESCO World Heritage Sites composed by seven different Monument Zones: The centers of the three primary cities, Kathmandu Hanuman Dhoka, Patan and Bhaktapur, the two most important Buddhist stupas, Swayambhunath and Boudhanath and two famous Hindu shrines, Pashupatinath temple and Changu Narayan.
Tribhuvan International Airport is located about 25 km from the city center, offering domestic and international flights. Pashupatinath temple is a Hindu temple located on the shore of the Bagmati river on the eastern part of Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal.
It is regarded as the most sacred temple of Shiva (Pashupati) in Nepal. According to 2001 census, there are more than 235,387 households in the metropolitan city. Kathmandu metropolitan authorities estimate the number of people living in the city to be more than 1,081,845 people. The largest ethnic groups are Newars, Brahmins and Kshetris. The major languages are Nepali and Nepal Bhasa.
The major religions are Hinduism and Buddhism. The city is looked after by Kathmandu metropolitan office located at Bagdarbar. Kathmandu houses most of the banks, business houses, offices, organizations and share market of Nepal. The busiest economic centers are New Road of Kathmandu, Ason, Putalisadak and Durbar Marg. New Road is regarded as financial hub with presence of most of the banks in this street.
Having such wonderful and attractive places, ethnic groups, language etc, it is much polluted and has narrow roads. It is also estimated as the most polluted city of Asia. Different elements had played vital role in being such a polluted city. Mainly all cultivate land are turning into sites to build houses.
The old houses are constructed so narrowly. These old house are so dark and congested. It has become the challenging issue in the present time. No systematic law, rule and regulations are operated.
People of the city also show the animal like behavior. Sometimes the personnel are not paid in time, so they also revolt time and again. City lacks proper land till sites. Management group does not work properly. In fact most of the Nepalese governmental personnel are lascivious.
As like leaders they show irresponsible behavior. Nepalese government seems failure in various sectors in case of managing and developing it properly. Old vehicles and the unmanaged dirt in different place of roads create pollution mostly. Rivers are also so much polluted.
Another main problem seen in Kathmandu valley is traffic jam. Mostly the city seems crowed. Mainly because of the narrow roads and unsystematic road there happens traffic jam. It is said traffic police are kept to manage the vehicles in the road. Police should obey the order given by the high rank police. But the civil people don’t know that either the high ranked police does not gives order or the police does not obey the order.
The road seems managed well when the leader such as the president, PM walks on the road. If the police manage so well at all the time there would not be so crowd and traffic jam. When there becomes road jam it is unknown. People and tourists are forced to walk. People cannot attend in their offices, programs in time because of jam in road.
The unsystematic street shops have also played vital role in traffic jam. No systematic rules are found. Vehicles are driven anywhere they like. There are narrow roads. One way roads are found in negligible number. For the improvement of this disgusting thing government and people should be aware.
So, to maintain these problems it seems so challenging. Problems cannot be solved without a great effort of government and people as well. Many tourist areas are situated but they are not managed well. They should be managed well. These problems seem to be the current most challenging issues.