With out of control internal conflicts and rising tensions with immediate neighbors, Syria is surely on the verge of a fall. The situation is increasingly getting out of control of Syrian President Bashar Assad following the bombings in Damascus that shred the inner circle of the President.
“International community will have to bring pressure on Assad to step down and to allow peaceful transition” says Leon Panetta, U.S. Defense Secretary judging the situation of Syria as uncontrollable by the U.S., its allies or any international power. The proposed idea is to seek opposition’s cooperation with a stable regime after Assad’s step down.
Last week, The United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution condemning the Syrian Government and seeking a political transformation for the country. With 107 nations voting for, 12 against and 59 refraining, the resolution was passed. However, Russia, voting against the resolution, called up all other U.N. members to voice their opposition. In this fifth resolution passed by the U.N. on scenario in Syria, it expressed “grave concern at the continuing escalation of violence” and stressed the need for “rapid progress on a political transition, which represents the best opportunity to resolve the situation peacefully”.
A peace conference has been proposed by the U.S. and Russia between the rebels and government and will be scheduled by early next month. Also, Turkish Prime Minister, Mr. Recep Tayyip Erdogan met in Washington and pressed on the idea of an immediate political solution. Relations between Turkey and Syria have started souring after last week’s twin blasts in the town of Reyhanli near Turkish border, which killed around 40 people and 100, injured. Syrian government declined charges of the blasts in response to the Turkish Interior Minister Mr Muammer Guler, who accused Syrian regime and intelligence agency for being linked to the executioners of the blasts.
Pressuring The Syrian President to step down is being firmly opposed by Russia, claiming it to turn out to be brutal and stretched over time before actually peace could be restored in the country.
However, the government’s ability to control whole Syria is questionable as it’s being largely limited to northern Damascus and the Southern side and the coastal regions experiencing major revolts and unrest. Speculations are arising about the breakup of Syria leading to three major parts, The northern region majorly loyal to the government, The Southern part of Sunni majority and the coastal region.
The Former head of the U.N. monitoring mission in Syria, General Robert Moon said “it is just a matter of time before the government of Syrian President Bashar Assad falls because of its use of massive force is mobilizing insurgents. However, The President is safe for the time being because he has military capability to hold the rebels and his eventual fall could be months or years away, he said.