Nepal has been home to refugees of Tibetan origin. More than 30,000 Tibetan refugees reside in the capital city of Nepal, Kathmandu. At least twelve Tibetan settlements are spread across this country. During the 1950s, Tibetan refugees started crossing the hilly borders and settled in Nepal. The large amount of crowd started crossing border from the year of 1959 as they were in no position to support themselves on their own. Nepalese government asked for help from the International Committee of the Red Cross and other international organizations. The number of refugees increased steadily. Flow of fund from the United States Agency for International Development helped in stabilizing the condition.
Recently, it has been noticed that the Chinese military has started actively stopping the Tibetan refugees from crossing the border and seeking refuge in Nepal. Their intention is to stop the Tibetan refugees from plotting against them or grouping against the acquisition of their homeland. In the 1960s, the C.I.A had trained Tibetan refugees for attacking the Chinese military by passing through the border with great tact and expertise. The pressure from Chinese authorities is increasing animosity among Nepal’s authoritative figures against the Tibetan refugees.
China is taking advantage of the weak financial condition of Nepal. Economical help and materialistic lure are the two weapons that China is using against the Tibetan refugees. They have started providing monetary aid for supplementing the cost of food at the border city of Mustang. Tibetan refugees enter Nepal this city. The crown prince of Mustang has welcomed the Chinese military officials many a times for discussing the security matters of the city.
The Tibetan refugees are very strict about preserving their native culture and heritage. Despite living away from their homeland, they have been very keen in upholding their traditions. They have not stopped weaving carpets in the native fashion or wearing the garments that they used to wear in their own land. They even eat the same foods as they used to in Tibet. This way they are trying to keep the memories of their homeland alive and teach the traditions to their new generations with care. They are not getting ID cards anymore and cannot pursue higher education easily. Now they are prohibited from gathering in big groups for any occasion. This way the Nepal government is aiding the Chinese by stopping the Tibetans from rising against them.