In India, the people living below the poverty line are different from the group of poor people it seems. At least the data says this. According to the National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganised Sector (NCEUS), headed by economist Arjun Sengupta, despite of the decreasing number of people living below the poverty, the situation of the poor people belong to different section of society is almost same with the situation of people living below poverty line.
The commission says that 79% of unorganized workers, 88% of SC/STs, 80% of the OBC population and 84% of Muslims are still living in the living condition that may be called as “poor and vulnerable group”.
This is also the truth that at one hand India is achieving new milestone in the development of Indian economy and on the other hand, the gap between rich and poor people is being widened because of the globalization.
The commission report says that these poor people have remained poor without any social security. They are still working in the most depressed, unhealthy and unlivable conditions at a bare survival level.
According to the commission, all the people who are surviving on Rs 20.30 per capita per day belong to the category of “poor and vulnerable”. This capital level is in fact twice to the capita level of the people living below the poverty line.
If we believe on the report, it will be crystal clear that 77% of India’s population comes in the ‘poor and vulnerable’ group.
On Thursday, the NCEUS formally announced the findings and said that the 90 percent of the illiterate people have a very high possibility of being poor or helpless and they are engaged largely in unorganized sectors.