Archeology permits us to expand our knowledge of the past beyond just written scriptures. Archeological findings unearth unknown stories of the past, some of which may not even exist in written records and are frequently dismissed as folklore. Each itemarcheologists find proves of human experiences dating back to our varied history, the world is rendered speechless with admiration. Here are some of the most important archeological findings in the last decade.
- Central Anatolia’s massive underground city
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When around 1500 buildings were demolished for an urban transformation project by the Turkey’s Housing Development Administration, they stumbled on a 45-hectare large underground city. The department called in geoscientists and archeologists to investigate, who have extracted forty-four historical objects from this massive city. The underground remains of the city are claimed to be 5,000 years old, built around the Fort Nevşehir. Using a geo-radar machine, the mapping of the underground city is being done, with this data the excavation team is cleaning and proceeding within the remains with minimal damage to the site.
- Tomb in Silivri, Istanbul
Image Source : HurriyetDailyNews.Com
Istanbul Archeology Museum is carrying extensive excavations in the district of Silivri. This site has yielded an important discovery in the field. With the unearthing of a kurgan style circular burial mound, which is estimated to be 5000 years old, this is a major insight into the history of Turkey and the Altay culture.
This type of grave was famously practiced in the culture in 3rd millennium B.C. and it was filled with weapons, grave vessels, the body of horses, and a single human body of a reputed soldier. This tomb is around 6 meters in width and is circular and lined by stones. From the inside the tomb assumes a rectangular shape, the soldier found in a half-hocker position has an arrowhead on his forehead to denote that he was a prominent soldier from the Bronze age.
- France’s huge tomb of a Celtic Prince
Image Source : I.Telegraph.Co.Uk
A tomb of an Iron Age Celtic prince was unearthed in France. This tomb was filled with Greek and Etruscan artifacts, the most prominent being a bronze-decorated cauldron for storing wine. The burial measures 40 ft and has the body of the prince seated on his chariot in the center. This burial mound is estimated to be 2,500 years old and the prince’s burial chamber which is 14 square meters remains unopened.
- Mega temple by the Matriarchal Society
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Near Nebelivka, Ukraine, archeologists have found 6000 years old mega temple from the matriarchal society. The historical sites supposedly belong to the Trypillian culture, which was an advanced culture with great talents in metallurgy, pottery, and textiles. The temple might have been two stories tall and may have served as the community or village’s central temple.
- Byzantine monastery of Tel Aviv
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A farmhouse has been discovered close to the Byzantine monastery that was found earlier in Tel Aviv, Israel. Estimated to be built after the Assyrian conquest of Israel around 722 B.C., the farmhouse is 30 by 50 meters in dimensions. The other findings in the monastery include remains of a church, residential quarters, stables, oil press, and colorful mosaic pattern at the entrance that possibly served as a welcome mat.
- Iraq’s ancient city Idu
Image Source : LiveScience.Com
Hidden beneath a mound, archaeologists have found an ancient city in Kurdistan, Iraq. After studying the cuneiform inscriptions and works of art that have been attained from the remains, it has been estimated that the city is 3,300-2,900 years old. The city’s name was found when an inscription with the name was found by a local.
- Kűltepe’s excavations reveal a large monument
Image Source : Ancient-Origins.Net
In a series of archeological discoveries from the Middle East, a gigantic monument has been found at an ancient site of Kűltepe, the center for the beginning of Anatolian history. After unearthing a large piece of the monument which measures about 75 by 60 meters, scientists have claimed this is the largest Anatolian monument to be discovered and may range back to 4,500 years in the past.
History relies equally on written as well as evidential proof. While we have limited access to the written records, archaeologists around the globe are digging to collect remains from the past, in a brave attempt towards unearthing the story of our origins.