Indian economy has registered more than 9% GDP growth and the media is busy projecting India as fast developing country. But the biggest question is that where are the jobs? Where are the employment generating projects? Still, India’s large section of youth is unemployed as unskilled labour.
During the past two decades, the government never tried to provide vocational training to the crores of unskilled labours in India. Now, the growing economy is demanding for skilled and well-qualified professionals only. What is left for unskilled labors then?
A National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) has said that almost 26 crore people are in the 15-29 years age group in India and about 3 crores are trained in any of the formal or non-formal ways. The NSSO said further that about 2% have received formal vocational training and 3.4% have received hereditary training like the family business including farming, fishing, handicrafts etc.
Not more than 3.8% of the surveyed age group have got acquired training through other means like working with a skilled person in a factory.
More than 5,000 government-backed ITIs and private Industrial Training Centres (ITCs) are offering over 7.4 lakh seats every year for vocational training. Apart from this, about 500 polytechnics are also offering at least 65,000 seats.
On the other hand, the report says that the employment opportunities for those trained people are declining in the industrial sector. The technically trained people are not getting jobs or working in mismatched jobs.
The situation was further provoked due to unsystematic enrollment by private institutions. To curb this problem, the FICCI survey suggests that the orientation of training towards industrial requirements should be made essential to generate more job oppotunities in Indian Industries.